A fascinating visit through holy Pagodas, crowded markets and old colonial buildings in Yangon

Yangon is the largest city in Myanmar and has a mix of colonial architecture, modern high-rises and Buddhist pagodas define its skyline. The city is plenty of religious sites, natural lakes, markets selling a variety of traditional products, museums and an incredible array of colonial-era buildings hidden down side streets, many of which are now crumbling. The biggest concentration of colonial buildings is on the riverfront Strand Road, around the bottom of Pansodan Street and Sule Pagoda Road.

Yangon, old colonial building
Yangon, old colonial building

What to see and do in Yangon

1. Shwedagon Paya

The Shwedagon Paya is the most beautiful pagoda of Myanmar, and it stands on Singuttara Hill. It is the largest religious building in Myanmar, standing 99 meters tall, plated with 21,800 real gold bars and with a tip encrusted with thousands of diamonds, rubies and sapphires. It’s also the most sacred religious site of the country, and it says to be the oldest pagoda in the world and the only temple which holds four Buddhist relics of such high value. Inside the complex, there are hundreds of colourful temples, stupas, and statues, all of which form a microcosm of life within the pagoda.

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2. Sule Paya

Located at the intersection of Mahabandoola Road and Sule Pagoda Road, it is a stunning structure with great historical significance in the heart of downtown. It is highly revered because it enshrines a hair relic of the Buddha and, according to legend, the pagoda was built during the lifetime of the Gautama Buddha, about 2500 years ago. It has been renovated and enlarged several times by later Kings. The pagoda reached its present height of 44 meters when it was renovated in the 15th century halfway.

Yangon, a shire inside the Sule Paya
Yangon, a shire inside the Sule Paya

3. Colonial buildings and Mahabandoola Park

Starting walking from Sule Pagoda, you’ll see the City Hall’s heritage buildings dating back to the year of the 1930s, the High Court Building just across from the City Hall, and the Mahabandoola Park with its Independence Monument. Then continue your historic trail through Pansodan Street, admiring the colonial architectural constructions along the wide avenue, ending your walk at the Strand Hotel, known to be the first hotel in Myanmar. Ten minutes walk from the Strand Hotel, there is another awesome historic building, the Ministers” Office, formerly called Secretariat’s’s Center. Here, Aung Sang, Burmese nationalist leader and Independence Hero of Myanmar, was assassinated together with his comrades in 1947.

Yangon, Mahabondoola Park
Yangon, Mahabondoola Park

4. Chaukhtatgyi (Reclining Buddha) Pagoda

Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda is known for its colossal 65 meters long and 16 meters high reclining Buddha image. The enormous Buddha is wearing a golden robe, the right arm supports the back of the head and is decorated with very expressive colours, white face, red lips, blue eye shadow and red fingernails.

Yangon, Chaukhtatgyi (Reclining Buddha) Pagoda
Yangon, Chaukhtatgyi (Reclining Buddha) Pagoda

5. Botahtaung Pagoda

Located on the river banks in downtown, it is one of the city’s most highly revered temples. The 40-meter high golden pagoda enshrines a sacred hair relic of the Buddha. The Botahtaung Pagoda was destroyed during an air force bombing mission aimed at the nearby docks and rebuilt in 1948 following the original design. The religious building is not far from the Strand Hotel.

6. Thiri Mingala Kabar Aye Pagoda and Maha Pasana Guha caves

Known as “World Peace Pagoda”, Kabar Aye Pagoda was built with the adjoining “caves” in 1952 by the prime minister of Burma to host the 6th Buddhist council ended in 1956. The stupa is 36 meters tall and has a circumference of 34 meters around the base. Its golden dome is topped with an ornamental spire shaped like an umbrella. The Maha Pasana Guha is a large human-made “cave” containing a meeting hall where the 6th Buddhist council was held.

Yangon, Kabar Aye Pagoda

7. Theingyi Zay market

Theingyi Zay Market is more authentic than Bogyoke Market, and its prices are lower, and its customers are almost entirely locals. It is the biggest and oldest market in Yangon, and it sells all sorts of clothes, household items, toys and an array of unknown products. The northern end of the market, opposite the Sri Kali Hindu temple, has a decidedly Indian feel, with stalls full of spices, herbs and traditional medicines. On the 24th, 25th and 26th Street section of Theingyi Zay takes place the morning market (6 am-10 am) with it’s’s beautiful and colourful stalls selling fruit, vegetables and food in general.

Yangon, Theingyi Zay market
Yangon, Theingyi Zay market

8. The Thirimingalar Market

Located on the west edge of the city along Bayint Naung Rd, it’s one of Yangon’s highlights and provides some great photo opportunities. This is a market out of the touristic paths where you can live a real slice of local daily life. Trucks and lorries coming in and out filled with various fruits and vegetables and the hundreds of stalls selling any food, dried and fresh fish, meat and chickens, fruit, vegetables and flowers make this market really unique and sure not to be missed.

Yangon, a fish stall in Thirimingala Market
Yangon, a fish stall in Thirimingala Market

9. Bogyoke Aung Sang Market

Situated on the northern edge of downtown along Bogyoke Aung San Road, Bogyoke Market is Yangon’s most famous place to shop. To be honest is nothing special, just a place for tourist inside a  colonial-era building constructed in 1926, where you can find over two thousand shops and stalls selling clothing, handicrafts, jewellery, antiques and paintings and any kinds of souvenirs. Opening time: 10 am to 5 pm.

Yangon, Bogyoke Market
Yangon, Bogyoke Market

10. Karaweik Hall & Kandawgyi Lake

It is a large lake in Yangon downtown where you can relax surrounded by the green. There is a boardwalk on the southern end of the lake (entrance fee 2,000 Kyat), and around the park, there are several open-air restaurants. The Karaweik Hall, located in the south-east corner of Kandawgyi Lake, is a replica of a classically styled Royal barge that hosts a reception hall, a conference room, a buffet restaurant and a theatre. You’ll find the Yangon Zoological Garden on the southwest corner, where, in a green area, you can spot many animal species, including elephant, rhino, hippo, zebra, crocodile and more.

Yangon, Karaweik Hall & Kandawgyi Lake
Yangon, Karaweik Hall & Kandawgyi Lake

11. Yangon Central Railway Station and the “circle line” trains

One of the most beautiful experiences that could be done in Yangon is to visit the Central Railway Station and have a ride on an old train. Built in traditional Burmese architectural style, it’s a landmark building since 1996. Once at the station, don’t miss to catch the urban railroad line, better known as the “circle line”, which begins and ends at Yangon Central Railway Station with several departures a day going clockwise and anti-clockwise, passing through the city,  its suburban areas and satellites towns. 

Yangon, the Central Railways Station
Yangon, the Central Railways Station

Need to Know about Yangon

1.  Airport

Yangon International is located 20 km north of downtown. It has three terminals, two international (Terminals 1 and 2) and one domestic (Terminal 3). A shuttle bus runs between the three terminals, whereas you have to take a taxi (around 11000 kyats) to reach downtown.

2. Central railway station

It’s’s located close to downtown between Alan Pya Pagoda Road and Upper Pansodan Street. You can catch the train to reach the most important Myanmar cities (Bagan, Mandalay, Nyaung Shwe – Inle lake), but it takes a long time. For example, Yangon – Mandalay takes 15 hours, Yangon – Bagan takes 18 hours.

3. Bus Terminals

They are located far from downtown, and it takes you around 1 hour and more to get there by taxi. Buses from the most important destinations around Myanmar depart and arrive at Aung Mingalar Bus Terminal (known as Highway Bus Station). The VIP buses’ ticket can be bought online or at the bus terminal, all the others directly at the bus terminal.

  • Check the buses and trains schedule on 12go.asia.com*; alternatively, you can look for your transport with Klook.com.
  • On our posts “Myanmar itinerary, you’ll find another useful website about buses and trains.

* When you use the transports search engine, you can usually check and book the means of transport within 7/10 days.

4. Getting around Yangon

You have to reach major attractions by taxi. The downtown is walkable and starting from Sule Paya, you can visit the Mahabondoola Park and the colonial-era buildings around the park and trough Pansodan street until you’ll reach the Strand hotel. From here, you can walk to Botahtaung Pagoda and then take a taxi towards your next spot. We suggest visiting the Shwedagon Paya in the late afternoon, the local Markets (Thirimingala and the alleys around Theingyi Zay) and the “circle line train” during the early morning.

If you are in Yangon for a short layover, you don’t have much time, or you want to visit the city with a shared or private tour, you can click here to check the options and book your activity.

5. Activities in Yangon

If you like to book a specific experience in Yangon or a daily tour away from the chaotic city, you can try Klook.com. This reliable company offers a wide choice of activities.

6. Where to sleep

Yangon offers a wide range of affordable accommodations. Since you have to move around by taxi, you can choose the area that you like most. We suggest sleeping in Bahan (north-central Yangon), one of Yangon’s most thriving areas, or in Kyauktada around the Colonial area (Yangon downtown). We slept at the Sky view Hotel in Bahan (double room 45 US dollars) and Hotel K Yangon in the colonial area (double room 30 US dollars). In these areas, you can find cheaper hotels so as some hostels.





  1. Yangon was amazing! We followed your tips and we had a great day! The most exciting thing was the ride on the circle line!

  2. Great post pal! We are going to Myanmar in April for 20 days. How long do you suggest staying in Yangon? It seems the city is plenty of cool attractions!

    • Cristiano Reply

      Hi Gary! Yangon offers some great attractions, so at least a full day to enjoy some local markets, a ride on the circle line train and the stunning Shwedagon Paya at sunset!

  3. I visited Yangon in January and i was surprised how beautiful it is!

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